Technology, Innovation and Enterprise
Management Studies teaching and research takes place within both the Department of Engineering and the Judge Institute of Management Studies. The research identified below comes from the staff who had sole or joint appointments within the Department of Engineering. Further information about other Management Studies research can be obtained from the Judge Institute of Management Studies.
Dr J.P. Allen
Dr M.R. Jones
Research on the evolution of emerging information technologies was sponsored by the ESRC Virtual Society programme(L1).
Work has continued on methodological(L12) and theoretical(L11,L13) issues in Information Systems research and on the relationship between information systems and organisational change(L14).
Dr A.D. Cosh
The work in this area concerns corporate governance, corporate control and performance, takeovers and executive pay. New international collaborative work examines the growing importance of cross-border mergers and acquisitions and the consequences for policy.
Dr A.D. Cosh
Dr E.W. Garnsey
A major programme of work has been undertaken concerning the birth and growth of small and medium-sized enterprises and their role in innovation(L4). The findings of this work have been widely disseminated and have attracted the attention of Government departments and policy-makers. A major re-survey of 2500 firms has been undertaken and the findings will be available in the near future. The conceptual and technical problems of surveys of very small enterprises have been investigated on behalf of the European Commission.
Work aiming to strengthen the theoretical base of empirical work on technological enterprise and innovation continued(L2,L5).
Work on the causes and impact of Japanese acquisition of UK computer firms was completed(L16).
Work on areas of high technology enterprise continued, as part of an EU Network on Research Intensive Milieux(L6).
Dr S. Scholtes
Work in Operations Research focused on Mathematical Programming and applications thereof. Two lines of research were pursued: inverse optimization on the one hand and benchmarking for non-profit organisations on the other.
In contrast to ordinary optimization, where optimal solutions are to be found on the basis of given data, inverse optimization either aims to estimate unknown data of optimization processes or equilibrium systems on the basis of observed optimal solutions or to determine optimal parameter settings for such processes. A typical example is traffic assignment in congested networks. Its direct manifestation is based on known demand data between nodes in the network and aims at determining an equilibrium assignment of flow to arcs of the network. Such equilibrium assignments are characterised by the fact that no user can find a faster route from her origin to her destination. A corresponding inverse problem starts from a partially observed solution - some arc flows measured by traffic counts - and aims at finding parameters such as node to node demand that best explains the observed solution. A general optimization routine for nonlinear inverse problems was developed and analysed(L19).
The second line of study was concerned with numerical methods for the performance comparison of non-profit organisations on the basis of their input-output portfolios. The method of Data Envelopment Analysis was applied to German hospital data(L15). This method was further extended to more general, and often more appropriate, efficiency measures.
Mr C.G. Gill
Work has continued on European industrial relations issues(L7,L8,L9).
Mr N.J. O'Shaughnessy
Research has been carried out on national competitive advantage, marketing of high technology firms, advertising in referenda, direct mail, the management of government public relations, brand image of the nation, and marketing power of emotion(L17,L18).
L1. Allen, J.P. Handheld computing predictions: what went wrong? In: Handheld and Ubiquitous Computing: Proceedings, 1st International Symposium, HUC '99, Karlsruhe, Germany (September 1999); Edited by H.W. Gellersen, 117-123. Lecture Notes in Computer Science LNCS 1707 (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1999). ISBN 3540665501.
L2. Best, M., Garnsey, E.W. Edith Penrose 1914-1996. Economic Journal, 109, (453), 187-201 (1999).
L3. Cosh, A.D., Duncan, J., Hughes, A. Investment in training and small firm growth and survival. Great Britain Department for Education and Employment Research Briefs, Research Report 36 (DfEE, 1998). ISBN 0855227052.
L4. Cosh, A.D., Hughes, A., Wood, E. Innovation in UK SMEs: causes and consequences for firm failure and acquisition. In: Enterpreneurship, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises and the Macroeconomy; Edited by Z.J. Acs, B. Carlsson, C. Karlsson (Cambridge University Press, 1999).
L5. Garnsey, E.W. The new firm as a complex co-evolving system. Proceedings, BPRC and LSE Conference on Organisations as Complex Evolving Systems (OACES), Warwick (December 1998).
L6. Garnsey, E.W., Lawton-Smith, H. Proximity and complexity in the emergence of high technology industry: the Oxbridge comparison. Geoforum, 29, (4), 433-450 (1998).
L7. Gill, C.G. Industrial relations in Europe. In: Management in Europe: Regional Encyclopaedia of Business and Management, 2000; Edited by M. Warner, 94-109 (Thompson Learning, 1999). ISBN 1 86152 406 4.
L8. Gill, C.G., Gold, M., Cressy, P. Social Europe: national initiatives and responses. Industrial Relations Journal, 30, (4), 313-330 (1999).
L9. Gill, C.G., Krieger, H. Direct and representative participation in Europe: recent survey evidence. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 10, (4), 572-591 (August 1999).
L10. Hodgson, G.M. Economics and Utopia: Why the Learning Ecomony is Not the End of History. (Routledge, London, 1998). ISBN 0415075068.
L11. Jones, M.R. Information systems and the double mangle: steering a course between the Scylla of embedded structure and the Charybdis of material agency. Proceedings, IFIP WG 8.2 and 8.6 Joint Working Conference on Information Systems: Current Issues and Future Changes, Helsinki, Finland (November 1998); Edited by T. Larsen, L. Levine, J.I. DeGross, 287-302 (International Federation for Information Processing, Laxenburg, Austria, 1999). ISBN 3901882022.
L12. Jones, M.R. Mission impossible? Pluralism and multiparadigm IS research. Information Systems: the Next Generation: Proceedings, 4th UKAIS Conference, York (April 1999); Edited by L. Brooks, C. Kimble, 71-82 (McGraw Hill, Maidenhead, 1999). ISBN 0077095588.
L13. Jones, M.R. Structuration theory. In: Re-thinking Management Information Systems; Edited by W.J. Currie, R.D. Galliers, 103-135 (Oxford University Press, 1999).
L14. Kartsen, H., Jones, M.R. The long and winding road: collaborative information technology and organisational change. Proceedings, CSCW'98, Computer Supported Cooperative Work Conference, Seattle, WA, USA (November 1998); Edited by S. Poltrock, J. Grudin, 29-38 (ACM Press, 1998). ISBN 1581130090.
L15. Kuntz, L., Scholtes, S. Economic analysis via data envelopment analysis and operational comparison of hospitals. (In German). Zeitsschrift fur Betriebswirtschaft, Ergäzungsheft, 5/99 187-206 (May 1999).
L16. Minshall, T., Garnsey, E.W. Building production competence and enhancing organisational capabilities through acquisition: the case of Mitsubishi Electric. International Journal of Technology Management, 17, (3), 312-333 (1999).
L17. O'Shaughnessy, N.J. Political marketing or political propaganda? In: Handbook of Political Marketing; Edited by B. Newman, 725-739 (Sage, 1999). ISBN 0 7619 1109 X.
L18. O'Shaughnessy, N.J., Allington, N.F., Morgan, P. Did marketing change the world? In: Handbook of Political Marketing; Edited by B. Newman, 627-641 (Sage, 1999). ISBN 0 7619 1109 X.
L19. Scholtes, S., Stohr, M. Exact penalization of mathematical programs with equilibrium constraints. SIAM Journal of Control and Optimization, 37, (2), 617-652 (1999).
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Last modified: July 2000